What Are Insulin Pumps?

Treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes involves the use of insulin therapy, wherein you provide Complaints insulin doses to your body at prescribed intervals. Today, there are several alternatives to the traditional insulin injections available in the market to inject insulin into the body. One such insulin delivery device is the insulin pump which is ideal for those diabetics who are very busy with their lives or for those whose blood sugar levels are very high and cannot be controlled by taking even 2 or 3 insulin shots per day.

The insulin pump facilitates continuous insulin infusion by injecting a continuous (basal) dose of insulin review round the clock and supplemental (bolus) doses just before meal time. The insulin pump comprises of a pump and an infusion set (a syringe, equipped with a microprocessor and a catheter placed subcutaneously in the layer of fat just under the skin in the abdominal area). The syringe is quite small and is filled with short-acting insulin. Using an electromechanical mechanism, the syringe injects insulin whenever instructed by the microprocessor. Since no long-acting insulin is used, there is no mechanism to cope with emergency rises in blood sugar levels, which may trigger keto-acidosis.

However, the insulin pump involves a lot of maintenance issues such as change of batteries, infusion sets, insulin vials, etc to prevent the onset of infection at the site of insertion. Daily monitoring of blood sugars levels and urine testing is compulsory in order to regulate the insulin dosage according to the reading obtained. However, the user can maintain a better control over his blood glucose levels, and thereby preventing or minimizing the onset of long-term micro-vascular complications associated with diabetes.

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